Know your wood for your Perfect Furniture

When you decide to furnish your office, you probably will have to encounter lots of furniture built through various materials ranging from woods of various types, different types of metals, glass and even plastic.

Understanding these materials is something that should be considered before deciding any major furniture purchase so that you get a furniture item that suits your personality and needs.


Wood Types Available:

1. Teak:

Teak, no doubt the choice for making furniture and doors.

This type of wood is very versatile by usage also. But the most crucial thing is, Teak takes almost 50-70 years to be matured and that makes it quite expensive, and beyond our purchasing power.

 But you should also know that Teak is considered most durable hardwood, strong and heavyweight. Plantation teak wood is considered eco-friendly due to its long life expectancy.



2. Sheesham or Rosewood

If Teak is king of woods then rosewood can definitely be considered queen.

This type of wood is hard, heavy and is known for its stable nature. This is decay-resistant too. The very name derived from its colour which is dark reddish brown.

 Its quality can be judged by its distinct fragrance.

3. Ash

Ashwood is a known hardwood.

It is the most common in a light texture which allows furniture to be bent and can be very flexible whilst holding its position if required. Ashwood cannot easily be broken or damaged, so comes in as one of the most durable wood types.

4. Beech

Beechwood is a hard light-coloured, strong material used to craft a whole host of sturdy types of furniture, such as tables.

It also has very good shock resistance, this will take a lot to damage furniture crafted with this wood such as placing heavy weights upon it. Beechwood is a common wood of choice for furniture making.

5. Cherry

This wood is mostly used on antique furniture such as carved chairs and Shaker-style tables also known as the built-to-last wood material. It comes in a lush reddish-brown natural tone and can be easily shaped. The Cherry wood is very expensive and is said to be ‘more’ rare than its counterparts.

Cherry wood is also likely to see its colour darken as it grows older.

6. Mahogany

Mahogany comes in a dark-brown red tint and is known to the most popular and premium hardwood material which makes it pretty expensive than the others.

This kind of wood requires adequate maintenance for a long life of the wood product.

7. Maple

Maple wood mostly comes in as a cream-coloured hardwood with being heavy and durable.

This wood can withstand years of wear and tear as it is a moisture resistant material. Maple wood is normally made glossy to give a decorative feel with its natural aspects proving to be a beauty. This wood is known to mimic the more expensive woods such as the popular Cherry & Mahogany.

8. Oak

Amongst the popular types of wood, Oakwood is one. This is widely used in furniture manufacturing.

This is a grainy wood normally covered in many marks, shapes and lines come in light brown blonde tint coloring. When Oak is used in furniture making it is hard wearing, heavy and can be easily cut. Some oak woods have more prominent grain effect.

 When used in furniture, this wood is hard wearing and heavy and can be cut easily.

With this wood type, the grain effect can be more prominent on some oak over the oak of others.

9. Pine

Pinewood comes in a light yellowish and white-brown color being very cheap and lightweight it is widely used in furniture making.

It is also known as an easily-paintable wood is often used for construction purposes such as flooring.

Though it is not as durable as maple or oak it ages well and doesn’t see shrinking, discolouration or swelling effects.

10. Walnut

This chocolate-brown coloured wood material, which can differentiate from light to dark chocolatey brown is known for being one of the top picks for the likes of crafting dining tables and mantels.

Walnut wood is a strong wood, but in the same light – a costly wood, thanks to its stability and exquisite designs.

11. Rubber Wood:

This is a new member of the furniture scene in India. Rubberwood comes from the same tree used to excerpt latex for producing rubber. It is quite sturdy and cheap in comparison to teak and rosewood.

Although it is lighter than teak, it takes an extra advantage with its fine density and resistance to screw withdrawal which consequently gives long life to furniture.

The dense grain of rubber-wood is easily controlled in the kiln drying process.

 12. Wenge:

This hardwood is expensive but provides good quality and durability. It is the best to match for modern decor as it comes in a beautiful cappuccino color along with black grains.

The wood is very durable, suitable for flooring and staircases.

The dust produced during cutting wenge can cause dermatitis similar to the effects of poison ivy and is an irritant to the eyes. Remember to take the necessary precautions while you carve out your dream furniture.

Engineered Wood:

All the above-mentioned wood types are natural woods while engineered woods are manmade and are created by tying together strands of woods, fibres or veneers.

To create a fused material these are joined by adhesives.

 Different types of engineered wood consist of plywood, fibrewoods like MDF and oriented strand board.


Metal Furniture:

Metal is one of the most trusted material when it comes to durability and good metal never shows any sign of corrosion against everyday use.

 Metal is much harder than its wood counterparts and is one of the few materials that are flame resistant, making it safer material to work within your home.

 Metal like steel, especially tubular steel, became popular as furniture making material after the popularity of the Wassily Chair, also known as the Model B3 chair, which was designed by Marcel Breuer in 1925-1926, head of the cabinet-making workshop at the Bauhaus, in Dessau, Germany.

Glass Furniture:

You will feel irresistible when confronted with a gorgeous glass dining table or coffee table.

But until you measure the pros and cons of glass furniture, how do you know if that gorgeous glass table is really for you or not?

The most important thing to remember is there are three different types of glass used for furniture.

 It can just be regular glass (quite fragile, not recommended for heavy usage), annealed or even-tempered (the most durable of the three).

Visual Sophistication of Glass
  •  Glass furniture gives you visual appeal . Glass furniture often provides a high level of elegance and sophistication – and looks great in modern and contemporary offices.
  • Glass also has a unique ability in that it is able to enhance the look of other materials that accompany the glass furniture, such as wood or marble.
  • Glass gives the illusion of space, as its transparency doesn’t block the views behind it, creating more visual “empty space” as it helps with the distribution of light. And creating space is a must for modern open office trend.

 The major problem to glass furniture is, keeping it clean.

Glass furniture is prone to fingerprints and smudges that can easily throw off the otherwise pristine look.

Regular maintenance is a must for glass furniture.


Plastic an artificial material created in 1862 in London, was originally called Parkesine actually an organic material derived from cellulose that once heated could be molded and retained its shape when cooled.

 It has since been developed greatly with numerous variations but its original properties remain it’s most valuable.

The ability of plastic to mold into any form has raised its popularity as a material for mass-produced furniture & also most modern furniture.

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